Edison even suggested a Westinghouse AC generator be used in the State of New York's new electric chair. , Westinghouse's interests in gas distribution and telephone switching led him to become interested in the then-new field of electrical power distribution in the early 1880s. On the other hand, AC had a key technological advantage its voltage could be transmitted at a low power, then amplified to a higher level by means of a transformer at or near the user's location. The couple made their first home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He drilled four natural gas wells on the sprawling grounds of his Pittsburgh estate, as much to familiarize himself with the technology as to extract gas. The story is told that his father agreed to pay George fifty cents a day to cut pipe into specified lengths. The name had been Anglicized from Westinghausen. George Westinghouse Jr. (October 6, 1846 – March 12, 1914) was an American entrepreneur and engineer based in Pennsylvania who created the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry, receiving his first patent at the age of 19. Married Life. , In 1891 Westinghouse built a hydroelectric AC power plant, the Ames Hydroelectric Generating Plant near Ophir, Colorado. From his youth, he was talented with machinery and business.  His ancestors came from Westphalia in Germany, who first moved to England and then emigrated to the US. 16-Nov-1853, d. 18-Nov-1933)Brother: Albert Westinghouse (Union soldier, d. 1864 Civil War)Brother: John Westinghouse (schoolmaster)Wife: Marguerite Erskine Walker (m. 8-Aug-1867, d. Jun-1914)Son: George Westinghouse III (b. Inventor, industrialist, and engineer George Westinghouse was the eighth of ten children born to an American … Westinghouse felt that reciprocating steam engines were clumsy and inefficient, and wanted to develop some class of "rotating" engine that would be more elegant and efficient. Westinghouse remained productive and inventive almost all his life. Now a full-time inventor and businessman, Westinghouse made numerous improvements to railroad track, switch, and circuitry and signalling systems, and founded the Union Switch and Signal Company in 1881 (which was absorbed into Wabtec in 1917). Dutch Ancestry Maternal, Do you know something we don't? IEEE Edison Medal 1911 Grashof Medal 1913 George Westinghouse Fact File: Lifespan: 1846 - 1914 *** Full Name: George Westinghouse, Jr. *** Occupation: American Entrepreneur, Inventor and Engineer *** Date of Birth: He was born on October 6th, 1846 *** Place of Birth: He was born in Central Bridge, New York, USA *** Family background: His father was a machine shop owner *** Early life and childhood: He grew up in New York , In 1869, at age 22, Westinghouse invented a railroad braking system using compressed air. Parker Pens: Failures Of Global Marketing 931 Words | 4 Pages. Westinghouse Founder (1886) At one time, Westinghouse began to work on heat pumps that could provide heating and cooling, and believed that he might be able to extract enough power in the process for the system to run itself. With a total of 361 patents to his credit, his last patent was granted in 1918, four years after his death. 1883, d. 1963), University: Union College, Schenectady, NY (attended 1865), Wabtec Westinghouse Air Brake Company:Founder (1869) In 1911 Westinghouse received the American Institute of Electrical Engineers's (AIEE) Edison Medal "For meritorious achievement in connection with the development of the alternating current system.". His descendants still joke that Edison's body is buried somewhere on the grounds. George Cisar was born on July 28, 1912 in Cicero, Illinois, USA. One of the most spectacular failures of global marketing was Parker Pen's misguided foray into standardizing their global marketing program … , During this period Westinghouse continued to pour funds and engineering resources into the goal of building a completely integrated AC system, obtaining the Sawyer–Man lamp by buying Consolidated Electric Light, developing components such as an induction meter, and obtaining the rights to inventor Nikola Tesla's brushless AC induction motor along with patents for a new type of electric power distribution, polyphase alternating current.  In 1892 the Edison company was merged with the Thomson-Houston Electric Company to form General Electric, a conglomerate with the board of Thomson-Houston in control. While that phrase did not catch on and do for George Westinghouse, who had nothing to do with the development of capital punishment by electrocution, what the guillotine had done for Dr. Guillotin, the idea did. , Westinghouse's demonstration that they could build a complete AC system at the Columbian Exposition was instrumental in them getting the contract for building a two-phase AC generating system, the Adams Power Plant, at Niagara Falls in 1895.  AC had the ability to be "stepped up" in voltage by a transformer for distribution and then "stepped down" by a transformer for consumer use, allowing large centralized power plants to supply electricity long distance in cities with more dispersed populations. The air brake allowed longer trains to be run at faster speeds, and greatly improved safety with a fail-safe mechanism that brought the train to a tidy stop if the brake-lines were depressurized or broken. 20-Mar-1809, d. 1884)Mother: Emeline Vedder (b. Photo: MPI/Getty Images Quick Facts Name George Westinghouse Birth Date October 6, 1846 Death Date March 12, 1914 Place of Birth Central Bridge, New York That required reduction gearing, but building reduction gearing that could operate at high rpm and at high power was difficult, since a slight misalignment would shake the power train to pieces. It was patented by Westinghouse on October 28, 1873. In 1886 he formed Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company (now CBS and Viacom) and soon licensed the related patents of Nikola Tesla, the inventor of AC. Like Edison, he had a practical and experimental streak. Train travel is one of the safest ways to get around. They were married for 47 years, and had one son, George Westinghouse III, who had six children. George Westinghouse was born on October 6, 1846, in Central Bridge, New York. George Westinghouse. Modern trains use brakes in various forms based on this design. At age ten, his family moved to Schenectady, New York, where George established his own workshop in the attic of the family home. As a boy, George greatly preferred working in his father's shop to going to school. Order of Leopold, Belgium Home wife are buried in Arlington National Cemetery. After the World's Fair, his company was granted a contract to build three hydroelectric power plants at Niagara Falls, New York. At Auburn Prison in New York, the first execution by electrocution in history is carried out against William Kemmler, who had been convicted of murdering his lover, Matilda Ziegler, with an axe.  He also devised the Westinghouse Farm Engine. If he couldn't build a perpetual-motion machine, he would still have a heat pump system that he could patent and sell. The dinning area Natural gas is big news in Western Pennsylvania, as it was in the George Eastman invented the Kodak camera, helping make photography accessible to the public. In April 1863 he persuaded his parents to allow him to re-enlist, whereupon he joined Company M of the 16th New York Cavalry and earned promotion to the rank of corporal. Large turbines were most efficient at about 3,000 rpm, while an efficient propeller operated at about 100 rpm. The scope of his financial empire was easy to overlook, as he named many of his companies not for himself but for his employees, the inventors and engineers who designed the assorted dynamos, meters, voltage regulators, and transformers that kept electricity humming. This was an advantage over the low voltage DC systems being marketed by Thomas Edison's electric utility which had a limited range due to the low voltages used. In 1918 his former home, Solitude, was razed and the land given to the City of Pittsburgh to establish Westinghouse Park. 19th century American engineer and businessman. In 1867, Westinghouse met and soon married Marguerite Erskine Walker. The Westinghouse company installed 30 more AC-lighting systems within a year and by the end of 1887 it had 68 alternating current power stations to Edison's 121 DC-based stations. In 1930, the Westinghouse Memorial, funded by his employees, was placed in Schenley Park in Pittsburgh. He lived in a large Victorian frame house, which still stands, but in disrepair. Westinghouse also had to deal with an AC rival, the Thomson-Houston Electric Company, which had built 22 power stations by the end of 1887 and by 1889 had bought out another competitor, the Brush Electric Company. He was buried at burial place, Virginia. 1906-10-19 Frederick Winslow Taylor is awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Pennsylvania  The Westinghouse Air Brake Company (WABCO) was subsequently organized to manufacture and sell Westinghouse's invention. Acclaimed in his time as the "greatest living engineer," George Westinghouse was accorded numerous honors in the U.S. and abroad, even after his death on March 12, 1914. The War of Currents would end with financiers, such as J. P. Morgan, pushing Edison Electric towards AC and pushing out Thomas Edison. This was a revolutionary improvement over the earlier system of train braking, which required a brakeman's manual pressure and physical presence in each car. Westinghouse and his engineers devised an automatic alignment system that made turbine power practical for large vessels. 1865. pg. Westinghouse became aware of the new European alternating current systems in 1885 when he read about them in the UK technical journal Engineering. With AC networks expanding, Westinghouse turned his attention to electrical power production. In 1884, Westinghouse started developing his own DC domestic lighting system and hired physicist William Stanley to work on it. Wembley examined the body and ruled that the cause of death had been coronary thrombosis. In 1881 he founded the Union Switch and Signal Company to manufacture his signaling and switching inventions. She had also been initially interred in Woodlawn and removed and reinterred at the same time as George.
However, without George, Returning home, He used his own inventions as well as others’ patents in his business. It was issued as, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCarlson2013 (, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, Railway air brake § Westinghouse air brake, Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, George Westinghouse Jr. Born: 6-Oct-1846Birthplace: Central Bridge, NYDied: 12-Mar-1914Location of death: New York CityCause of death: Heart FailureRemains: Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA, Gender: MaleReligion: PresbyterianRace or Ethnicity: WhiteSexual orientation: StraightOccupation: Inventor, BusinessParty Affiliation: Republican, Nationality: United StatesExecutive summary: Air brake and AC power, Military service: US Army (1863-64); US Navy (1864-66). It was a key event in the history of AC power, as Westinghouse demonstrated the safety, reliability, and efficiency of a fully integrated alternating current system to the American public. That same year, Westinghouse formed the "Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company"; in 1889 he renamed it as "Westinghouse Electric Corporation". By the turn of the century, Westinghouse's enterprises had grown to employ over 50,000 workers. George passed away of cause of death on month day 1914, at age 67 at death place, New York. With that success AC became America's dominant power source, though Edison spent many more years trying to discredit Westinghouse and AC. obtain better workers. They later acquired houses in Lenox, Massachusetts, where they summered, and in Washington, District of Columbia. Married Life. Union Switch and Signal Company Founder (1881) In 1989, Westinghouse was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. The plant supplied power to the Gold King Mine 3.5 miles away. It w… He lost interest in the curriculum and dropped out in his first term. He offered employees a pension plan and relatively good wages, with sick leave and paid recuperation time after on-the-job accidents when neither was required by law. … In 1867, Westinghouse met and soon married Marguerite Erskine Walker. Westinghouse grew up hanging around his father’s machine shop. Curiously, this was analogous to Westinghouse's subsequent success with alternating current (AC) electricity.  After his military discharge in August 1865, he returned to his family in Schenectady and enrolled at Union College. At the age of fifteen, as the Civil War broke out, Westinghouse enlisted in the New York National Guard and served until his parents urged him to return home. Spending much of his later life in public service, Westinghouse showed signs of a heart ailment by 1913 and was ordered to rest by doctors. Thomson-Houston was expanding its business while trying to avoid patent conflicts with Westinghouse, arranging deals such as coming to agreements over lighting company territory, paying a royalty to use the Stanley transformer patent, and allowing Westinghouse to use their Sawyer–Man incandescent bulb patent. A year later he founded what is now the ghost town of Duquesne to use as his company headquarters. Westinghouse was 19 years old when he created his first invention, the rotary steam engine. Allegheny County Light Company Founder (1882) In December 1864 he resigned from the Army to join the Navy, serving as Acting Third Assistant Engineer on the gunboat USS Muscoota through the end of the war. He was an actor, known for Attack of the Giant Leeches (1959), The Ford Television Theatre (1952) and Jungle Jim (1955). Though he lost control of his electric company and much of his vast fortune in the economic Panic of 1907, Westinghouse probably deserves as much credit for his business skills as his engineering and inventing accomplishments. Young George agreed, and within just a few hours he invented a machine to do the cutting. This put Westinghouse's business in direct competition with Thomas Edison, who marketed direct current for electric power distribution. Remains:Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA. Cause of death:Heart Failure. Birthplace and Boyhood Home in Central Bridge, New York, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.. That wasn't always the case. Joining Dr. Large to perform an autopsy was Dr. Whitmell P. Small -- yes, Drs. Stanley, assisted by engineers Albert Schmid and Oliver B. Shallenberger, developed the Gaulard–Gibbs transformer design into the first practical transformer. In 1888 Tesla met with company founder/president George Westinghouse and agreed to license his patents for the sum of $60,000, plus 150 shares of … At the same time, Thomas Edison was launching the first DC electric utility designed to light homes and businesses with his patented incandescent bulb. They later acquired houses in Lenox, Massachusetts, where they summered, and in Washington, District of Columbia.  The early to mid-1890s saw General Electric, backed by financier J. P. Morgan, involved in costly takeover attempts and patent battles with Westinghouse Electric. , In 1890 Westinghouse's company was in trouble. George Cisar, Actor: Attack of the Giant Leeches. , In 1893, George Westinghouse won the bid to light the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago with alternating current, slightly underbidding General Electric to get the contract. Westinghouse saw the potential of using alternating current for electric power distribution in the early 1880s and put all his resources into developing and marketing it. The next year he installed a 1.5-megawatt, 1,200 rpm unit for the Hartford Electric Light Company. Westinghouse was after a perpetual motion machine, and the British physicist Lord Kelvin, one of Westinghouse's correspondents, told him that he would be violating the laws of thermodynamics. At one point he was the President of 34 firms concurrently, with some 50,000 employees and offices and factories across America, Europe, and the civilized world. Died:12-Mar-1914. English Ancestry Maternal 1884-05-03 Mechanical engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor (28) weds Louise M. Spooner; Historical Events.  This World's Fair devoted a building to electrical exhibits. They were married for 47 years, and had one son, George Westinghouse III, who had six children. , Westinghouse pursued many improvements in railway signals (which then used oil lamps). The new lenders demanded that Westinghouse cut back on what looked like excessive spending on acquisition of other companies, research, and patents. When he turned 16, he convinced them to let him serve, and he spent one year in the Union army and one year in the Union navy. 19-Sep-1810, m. 4-Jul-1830)Brother: Henry Herman Westinghouse (Westinghouse executive, b. Emeline passed away of cause of death on month day 1895, at age 85 at death place, Pennsylvania. He was confined to a wheelchair with a weakened heart for the last few years of his life, and died in 1914 with some 360 patents in his name. It was in time nearly universally adopted by railways. George Westinghouse was born in 1846 in Central Bridge, New York, the son of Emeline (Vedder) and George Westinghouse Sr., a machine shop owner. Westinghouse and had given her some Westinghouse street railway data which The working population held Westinghouse in high esteem because he believed He founded He was later confined to a wheelchair and died in 1914 at the age of 67. William Francis Kemmler (May 9, 1860 – August 6, 1890) was an American peddler, alcoholic, and murderer, who in 1890 became the first person in the world to be executed by electric chair.He was convicted of murdering Matilda "Tillie" Ziegler, his common-law wife, two years earlier. After opening in 1895 these plants soon supplied power to Buffalo, a city some twenty miles away a distance that would have been nearly impossible for DC transmission. , A six-day workweek was the rule when George Westinghouse inaugurated the first Saturday half holiday in his Pittsburgh factory in 1881.. , At about this time, he witnessed a train wreck where two engineers saw one another, but were unable to stop their trains in time using the existing brakes. The group then demolished the house and created what is now Westinghouse Park, between Thomas Boulevard and the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks. Cause of Death: Cardiovascular Disease U.S. State: New Yorkers Founder/Co-Founder: Westinghouse Electric Company, Westinghouse Air Brake Company, Westinghouse Electric, Union Switch & Signal, British Westinghouse He served in the Union Army and Navy during the American Civil War, then attended Union College but only for about three months. After deteriorating health and illness confined him to a wheelchair, he died on March 12, 1914. 1867-08-08 Engineer George Westinghouse (20) weds Marguerite Erskine Walker in Brooklyn, New York; Historical Events. Union Switch and Signal Company Founder (1881)  He also devised the Westinghouse Farm Engine. The Edison company, in collusion with Thomson-Houston, managed to arrange in 1890 that the first electric chair was powered with a Westinghouse AC generator, forcing Westinghouse to try to block this move by hiring the best lawyer of the day to (unsuccessfully) defend William Kemmler, the first man scheduled to die in the chair. At the same time, a contract to build the three-phase AC distribution system the project needed was awarded to General Electric. His Pittsburgh mansion and estate, dubbed "Solitude" by Westinghouse and his wife, was bequeathed to their only son, who sold the property to the Engineers Society of Western Pennsylvania four years later. George Westinghouse was the son of a modestly successful manufacturer of agricultural machinery. The competition was so costly a patent-sharing agreement was signed between the two companies in 1896. Westinghouse replied that might be the case, but it made no difference. 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